1. Yucatan

The Yucatan dances and music are known as “mestizos” due to the Spanish and African influence. Some of the dances, such as “Jarabillos”, are of indigenous origins. When Europeans colonized and settled in Mexican lands, they brought their traditional dances, attire, and music, which was eventually dispersed throughout the country and mixed with the indigenous culture. In some performances, romantic serenades are sung by men and dedicated to a woman in attempt to capture her heart. The music and dances were primarily showcased at carnivals and village festivities. The main Mayan dances are “Jaranas”, “Fandangos y Sones de Jaleo”, “Jarabillos”, and “Danzas y Huaracha”. Jaranas derives from the Spanish word “jota”, which is a genre of music and dance known throughout Spain. The Jarana dance is performed in pairs and consists of the same steps for both the men and women. The “Fandangos y Sones de Jaleo” derives from the Spanish word “saraos”, meaning a celebration or nocturnal meeting with dance and music. “Danzas y Huaracha” comes from Cuba and contains African roots.