Probably the most recognized and symbolic Mexican folkloric dance comes from the state of Jalisco. This dance embodies the spirit and culture of Mexico. The typical outfit for men consists of the charro suit and a wide sombrero with silver trim. Much of this tradition is based on the chivalry of the charro and the connection to ranch life in Jalisco. Women dress in the traditional outfit of the china poblana with braids in their hair, while wearing a long skirt with vibrant sequence designs and colorful green, white and red ribbon in their hair. This dress is used to dance “El Jarabe Tapatio”, commonly known as “The Mexican Hat Dance,” which is an upbeat love song and considered the national folk dance and song of Mexico.
The Dances of the Tapatios, also known as The Mexican Hat Dance, originated in the state of Jalisco by Mexican independence fighters. In 1920, by proclamation of the Federal Government, it became the national dance of Mexico and signified the integration of the republic. Tapatio is the name of the people who live on the outskirts of Guadalajara, the capital of Jalisco. The dance itself depicts the courtship between the tapatia women and the charro (Mexican horseman).